Fiona takes us through the players, places and particulars of the British Civil Wars.
Charles I - 1600-1649; King of England, Scotland and Ireland, 1625-1649. Leader of the Royalist (Cavalier) faction; ultimately beheaded for treason.
Charles II - 1630-1685; King of England, Scotland and Ireland 1660-1685. Eldest son of Charles I; took the throne at the restoration of the monarchy, after eleven years of interregnum/republic. If you like you some Horrible Histories, he’s this guy.
Elizabeth I - 1533-1603; Queen of England and Ireland 1558-1603. Succeeded as Queen of England by James I of England.
Henrietta Maria - 1609-1669; wife of Charles I 1625-1649 (until his death); mother of Charles II and James II/VII, and seven other children (including three who died in infancy). French by birth, and practising Catholic. After Charles’s death, she settled in France, and largely remained there (with a few stints in London when her son was king) until her death.
Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales - 1594-1612; eldest son of James VI/I; elder brother of Charles I. Died aged 18.
James VI/I - 1566-1625; King of Scotland 1567-1625; King of England 1603-1625. Father of Charles I, Henry Frederick, and their younger sister Elizabeth. Only son of Mary, Queen of Scots. Staunch Presbyterian, and commissioner of the King James translation of the Bible.
Mary Queen of Scots - 1542-1587. Queen of Scotland 1542-1567 until she was forced to abdicate in favour of her son, James VI. Catholic; brought up in France. After being deposed, she sought refuge in England under the protection of her cousin, Elizabeth I, but was imprisoned by Elizabeth for eighteen years from 1568. In 1586, she was convicted of attempting to assassinate Elizabeth. She was beheaded for treason in 1587.
George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham - 1592-1638. Lover and adviser of James VI/I; adviser to Charles I. Extremely influential politician due to his closeness with James and Charles - but shockingly bad at foreign policy, and extremely unpopular with the general populace. Assassinated in Portsmouth in 1628 by John Felton, a naval officer.
- Bank of England. Inflation Calculator.
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